Bengali traditions & culture/ Festivals & Occasions

Durga Pujo Maha Saptami, Significance, Rituals And Food

Durga Pujo Maha Saptami Rituals And Food

Durga pujo maha saptami rituals and food where saptami is the seventh day of devi paksha and Ma Durga is worshiped today as Ma Kaalratri.

The day begins at pre-dawn hours and the most significant ritual of Saptami isNabapatrika snan“, a visual treat to enjoy. Kola or banana plant is always considered as sacred, auspicious and holy in Hindu rituals, and no puja is performed without the banana stalks, especially in Bengali culture.

Aaj MahaSaptami

Durga puja 2017

What Is The Ritual Of Nabapatrika Snan ?

Nabapatrika in popular belief is also known as Kola bau (literally translating, banana lady). Naba patrika is in fact represent Devi Durga and is adorned in yellow and red border garad saree. Early morning the priest with much fanfare (in the old times during zamindar era, this was accompanied by the musician who used to play different ragas during different steps of rituals) will take the kola bou to holy Ganges or nearby ponds or lakes to give a bath. The bathing rituals is fascinating to watch and similar to coronation of king.

The twigs of white “aparajita” plant  along with  nine bunches of yellow threads are used to tie the Nabapatrika. It is then bathed with waters from 8 different holy places. This bathing ritual is accompanied with varied mantras and diverse musical instruments for different goddesses.


Worshiping “nabapatrika” is an  age old pauranik tradition (as per purans) from the time when idol worshiping was not popular and unheard of. Nabapatrika represents nine different forms of shakti.  Nine different plants represents nine different goddess – like banana plant (represents goddess Bhramani),  colacassia / Kochu in Bengali (represents goddess Kalika),  turmeric plant (represents goddess Durga),  jayanti tree (goddess Karthiki) , wood apple tree / bilva / bel (goddess Shiva, another name for goddess Durga), pomegranate tree (goddess Raktadantika), Ashoka (goddess Sokrahita),  Arum plant / maan kochu in bengali (goddess Chamundi) and rice plant / dhaan (goddess Maha Lakshmi).

Popular Misconception That Kola Bou Is Lord Ganesha Consort – These nine plants represents nine form of shakti. And hence it is believed that Ma Durga resides in Naba Patrika. Also known as Nabapatrika devi. The priest then placed her  on the right side of the Devi Durga. Mostly placed beside Lord Ganesha. This lead to the popular misconception that kola bau is consort of Lord Ganesha wherein actually kola bau represents Ma Durga and is mother of Lord Ganesha.

Symbolically nabapatrika also represents that after the fierce battle and victory of good over evil, the order of the world may be re-established and luxuriant vegetation reappear to sustain the life forms on earth.

After this MahaSaptami pujo begins, followed by pushpanjali.

Durga Pujo Food Menu

On this day, there are no food taboo as such and people are free to gorge on anything they fancy. Again this depends from family to family. In those families, like us, long back when we used to do Durga puja in our homes, the kitchen turned into pure sattvik ones. This is usually the routine when you bring Ma Durga to home and worship her with devotion, you do not cook non veg food. But now a days, when Durga puja is a community affair, you are free to taste any sumptuous Bengali dishes, which includes non-veg too.

So, here is my Durg Pujo Maha Saptami special food menu.

Recipe Links Given For The Picture Gallery Below.

1. Baked Fish Finger

2. Kolkata Egg Devil

3. Mughlai Paratha

4. Kolkata Egg Roll

5. Potoler / Parwal Malai Curry

6. Begun Basanti / Eggplants In Mustard

7. Koraishutir Dhokar Dalna

8. Chingri / Prawn Malai Curry

9. Kolkata Chilli Fish

10.Murgi Aam Kasundi / Chicken In Mango Mustard

11. Baked Roshogolla / Rasgulla

12. Bengali Chanar Jilipi / Jalebi


To know more about Durga Pujo Rituals of each day here are the following links –

1. Durga Puja Rituals, Significance And Food Menu Series – Maha Shashti

2. Durga Puja Rituals, Significance And Food Menu Series – Maha Ashtami

3. Durga Puja Rituals, Significance And Food Menu Series – MahaNavami

4. Durga Puja Rituals, Significance And Food Menu Series – VijayDashami

Do not forget to read our Durga Puja Special Posts on Instagram.

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